Pension fund: how a staggered withdrawal of your money works
Plan for retirement and save on taxes: you have a lot of leeway, especially if you stagger your pillar 3a withdrawals.
by UBS Insights
30 Aug 2023
3 min read
Withdrawals of pension assets from the pension fund and savings from pillar 3a are subject to a lump-sum payout tax. This one-off tax payment is made at a reduced rate and separately from remaining income. You can reduce the tax burden by staggering pay-outs, provided you distribute your deposits into multiple pillar 3a accounts during your active working life.
Breaking up progression
You can break up the progression by staggering withdrawal of pension savings over several years. As the amount that is taxed increases, so does the tax rate applied. You can break up the progression by withdrawal of pension savings over several years. Tax authorities sum up all withdrawals in a given year when calculating the tax on capital payments. This means that any potential (partial) capital withdrawal from the pension fund or withdrawal from a vested benefits account with payout of pillar 3a is also added to the annual sum. Staggering pay-out helps to reduce the total amount per year.
Tax calculator for pillar 3a withdrawals
Do you want to know how retirement capital withdrawals will be taxed in your place of residence? Find out in just a few clicks with the corresponding tax calculator from UBS.
Starting position: A single person with no religious affiliation domiciled in Olten (SO) withdraws CHF 500,000 from the pension fund and an additional CHF 100,000 from pillar 3a.
Version 1: If the withdrawal is made from only one pillar 3a account, and what’s more in the same calendar year as the capital withdrawal from the pension fund, then the accumulated tax burden is CHF 46,613.
Version 2: If there are two pillar 3a accounts (CHF 50,000 each), a person could have the same total amount paid out over two years. Ideally, both 3a payouts do not fall in the same year as the capital withdrawal from the pension fund that comes due on retirement. By optimizing staggered payouts in this way over three years, the tax burden can be reduced by CHF 4,693.
Incidentally: Someone who continues to work can wait up to a maximum of five years after the statutory retirement age before withdrawing 3a pension funds. Otherwise 3a accounts can already be closed five years before normal retirement (from age 60 also for women, starting from 2024). This opens up further opportunities when planning for retirement.
Pay attention to cantonal differences
Tax practice in relation to pension savings is not the same in all cantons. For example, not all cantons apply a progressive tax to pension funds when taxing at the canton/municipal level. A staggered withdrawal that is too extensive may no longer be accepted by tax authorities. Find out in good time from the tax authorities in the canton where you reside.