Xi Jinping: China's strongest leader since Deng Xiaoping
Xi Jinping has emerged from the NPC meeting as China's strongest leader since Deng Xiaoping with his political thought enshrined in the Party's constitution and allies occupying senior positions in all levels of government. This marks a change from when Xi first took power in 2012. At that time, past leaders' protégés occupied the majority of the senior positions in the Party. Now, Xi and his allies dominate the Party and its most senior decision-making body, making up four of the seven members on the Politburo Standing Committee.
Xi's strengthened support base and elevated position means he has a freer rein and stronger resolve to execute the agenda he laid out in his opening speech on October 18th, which includes pushing reforms, controlling financial risks, regulating the real estate market, and protecting the environment.
Dropping the 'Presidential Put'
Tellingly, Xi omitted an explicit growth target for the economy in his speech, and that signals a different approach to managing the economy. Successive Chinese leaders have focused on meeting defined growth targets, making China observers accustomed to the Chinese 'presidential put' - an unofficial guarantee of government credit support to achieve the growth number, often at the expense of the economy's longer term health.
In line with our earlier predictions1, Xi's speech indicates that this 'presidential put' has been tossed aside and he now has the power and the political capital to weather slower growth and shift the focus of government policy toward reforms that improve the long-term growth potential of the economy.
Shifting the focus of government policy
That's why environmental issues are coming to the fore. Pollution is an increasingly sensitive issue for the public and one the government is now taking seriously, with centrally sponsored inspection teams scouring the country to spot-check local officials and enterprises and force them to shut outdated, polluting factories and comply with new environmental standards.
Real estate policy, often used by the authorities as a tool to boost the economy in bad times, is also undergoing a change. Xi stressed that 'a house is for living in, not for speculation' in his speech and policy statements show that the government is increasingly focused on imposing new regulations, with rules barring speculation, as well as promoting rental market reforms and rolling back state-backed property buying being applied nationwide. This indicates that even with slower growth, a policy binge to support the market is off the table for 2018.