The Real Estate Bubble Index remains unchanged
The UBS Swiss Real Estate Bubble Index stayed in the risk zone in 3Q16 at 1.35 index points. While the buy-to-rent price ratio reached an all-time high, moderate mortgage growth and the slightly-improved economy prevented imbalances in the owner-occupied housing market from widening.
Zurich, 2 November 2016 – The UBS Swiss Real Estate Bubble Index stayed in the risk zone in the third quarter of 2016 at 1.35 index points, unchanged from the slightly-revised second quarter. In contrast, the sub-indicators fluctuated: the buy-to-rent price ratio rose sharply while the slower growth in mortgage debt had a dampening effect.
Divergence between owner-occupied home and rentals
The multiple of annual rentals required to purchase a similar home is currently 29.4 on average, which exceeds the previous high set in 1989. Condominium prices increased 1.1 percent compared to the previous quarter – the highest increase in offer prices since mid-2012 – while rentals declined for the third consecutive quarter due to the rise in vacancy levels.
The oversupply of the rental property market is the result of a gradual rise in construction investment in recent years. The total value of construction investments was revised significantly upwards for 2015, revealing the increased macroeconomic significance of the construction industry. Since the 2009 low, the share of construction investment has increased from 8.1 to 9.5 percent of gross domestic product. Although the figures remain significantly below the highs of the 1980s, they are an indicator of the domestic economy's increasing dependence on the property market.
Slowdown in the increase in household debt
Compared to last year, the volume of outstanding household mortgages increased by an unchanged 2.7 percent and thus continued to grow at a below-average pace. Income growth in the current year again performed better than in the previous year. As a result, the stronger economic development balanced out the nominal owner-occupied home prices.
Further drops in usage costs support the market for owner-occupied homes
Mortgage interest rates, which have fallen once again, maintained the high demand for condominiums. This helped the usage costs (interest costs, maintenance and provisions) of owner-occupied housing only drop 4 percent year-over-year. The high demand for property ownership can also be seen in the low number of vacant owner-occupied homes, which did not increase this year – in contrast to rental homes. The stabilization in owner-occupied home prices thus appears to remain intact. After adjusting for inflation, price growth rates are below that of the previous year, and we do not expect a further acceleration in the next few quarters.
UBS Swiss Real Estate Bubble Index – 3Q 2016
Selecting exposed and monitored regions
The selection of exposed regions is tied to the level of the UBS Swiss Real Estate Bubble Index and is based on a multi-level selection process utilizing regional population and property price data.
Regional risk map – 3Q 2016
UBS Switzerland AG
Claudio Saputelli, Head Swiss & Global Real Estate, Chief Investment Office WM
Tel. +41-79-513 50 45
Dr. Matthias Holzhey, Head Swiss Real Estate Investments, Chief Investment Office WM
Tel. +41-44-234 71 25
The UBS Swiss Real Estate Bubble Index report is available on the Internet via this link: www.ubs.com/swissrealestatebubbleindex-en.
The index is published on a quarterly basis. The next date of publication for the UBS Swiss Real Estate Bubble Index is 3 February 2017.