- What is causing inflation in 2022? While there were already significant inflationary dynamics at play, COVID outbreaks in China and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine have exposed the fragility of the global trade system and stoked inflation.
- The S&P 500 formally entered a bear market, and bonds and stocks started to positively correlate for the first time in over 20 years.
- Will central banks react aggressively and tip the global economy into recession?
2022 was supposed to play out quite differently: COVID-19 was moving from pandemic to endemic status, allowing countries and citizens around the world to travel and socialize more freely. Some of the cyclical inflation effects were set to wane as supply chains normalized.
Companies should have been able to plan ahead, possibly igniting a merger wave. This combination of factors was going to bring a potential cycle-ending final boom of growth and optimism. It should have been a good time for risk assets, with credit spreads staying tight and equities continuing to move upwards.
Unfortunately, none of this materialized. Repeated COVID-19 outbreaks in China kept supply chains in a mess; Russia instigated an armed conflict in Ukraine which exposed the fragility of a global trade system we have generally taken for granted. These factors cemented the inflationary dynamics that were already at play.
Optimism has been replaced with pessimism, and emerging clarity fudged by new-found uncertainty. The confidence that central bankers felt with respect to the transience of inflation has given way to a sense that they are behind the curve in taming the inflationary dragon.
How durable will these inflationary pressures be and will central bankers accidentally tip the global economy into recession?
Markets and investors have scrambled to reprice risk, particularly in the growthier areas of technology disruption. The S&P 500 formally entered a bear market, and bonds and stocks started to positively correlate for the first time in over 20 years. The primary questions investors are trying to answer now concern the durability of the inflationary pressures and whether central bankers in their zeal accidentally tip the global economy into recession.
The focus of our mid-year Panorama is squarely on what happens if inflation becomes a persistent problem. We open with a discussion I recently had with Manoj Pradhan, Chief Economist at Talking Heads Macro. Manoj has written an excellent book arguing for the return of structural inflation.
The theme is further explored in the context of asset allocation – what does structural inflation mean for equity and bond investors? And what does it mean for sustainable investing adoption given the new focus on returns from ‘brown’ industries that have been excluded from many environmental, social and governance (ESG) mandates.
Alternatives clearly have a role to play as a portfolio diversifier, given both equity and bond beta is in retreat – our Hedge Funds Solutions team and our Real Estate and Private Markets team explore the potential opportunities and benefits of these allocations if inflation endures.
Please enjoy this mid-year edition of Panorama and as always, please reach out to your trusted UBS Asset Management partner for any further advice.
Mid-year outlook 2022
Mid-year outlook 2022
With inflation reaching multi-decade highs in many parts of the world, how can investors position their portfolios for this changing investment landscape?
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About the author
Head of Investments
Barry Gill, Head of Investments at UBS Asset Management since Nov. 2019. Previously, he was Head of Active Equities at UBS AM. Barry joined O'Connor in 2012, overseeing long/short strategy. Prior to that, he led UBS IB's Fundamental Investment Group (Americas). In 2000, Barry relocated to the US, rebuilding Equities' long/short efforts post-O'Connor. He held leadership roles in London, including co-heading Pan-European Sector Trading. Barry started his career as a graduate trainee at SBC in '95.
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