The political and financial capital of Chile was founded in 1541. With more than six million inhabitants, it is one of the largest cities in South America. Regularly hit by earthquakes, many of its ancient buildings have fallen victim to the brute force of nature. The Gran Torre Santiago tower, however, has defied all seismic attempts to topple it and still rises to its total height of 300m. It is a proud, enduring symbol of a city that generates 45% of Chile's GDP.