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Markets keep rising, but global economic problems remain. Is a "reset" for markets overdue? In this year's outlook, we explore the interaction between the world's economic problems, policymakers' potential solutions, and the global financial markets. We consider the key questions driving markets in 2017, and outline our top investment ideas in a challenging world.

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Should investors worry about a falling yuan?

Deeper dive

Should investors worry about a falling yuan?

Fears of Chinese currency depreciation have often been toxic for global markets. Both in summer 2015 and early last year such worries caused stocks to fall worldwide. So with the yuan under further downward pressure until recently, should investors be concerned?

Even those with no direct exposure to China have taken an interest in the yuan in recent years. The Chinese government’s currency policy has been scanned for clues as to the outlook for the world’s second-largest economy. When China adjusted its currency regime in August 2015, permitting a 3% depreciation of USDCNY in just a few days, fears arose that the government was responding to a sharp slowdown in economic growth and acknowledging that capital outflows had become problematic.

Those fears contributed to a 4% fall in global equities that September, and global stocks also declined early last year for the same reasons. After all, China accounted for around one-third of global GDP growth between 2008 and 2015 in purchasing power parity terms.

The yuan looks set to drop further this year. But CIO considers the factors behind this depreciation manageable, so we do not expect it to derail global risk assets. Instead of resulting from a looming economic or banking crisis, the pressure on the yuan stems primarily from an understandable desire for diversification among Chinese companies and investors after decades of impressive economic growth and wealth creation – a desire that generates and exacerbates expectations for further yuan weakness.

For example, Chinese businesses spent a record USD 146bn buying non-financial overseas firms in the first 10 months of last year, according to Commerce Ministry data, beating the 2015 full-year figure of USD 121 bn. (These outflows far exceed foreign demand for Chinese assets that is only gradually increasing due to government efforts to internationalize equity and bond markets.) And while slower economic growth will also weigh on the yuan, the deceleration is likely to be gradual, with GDP expanding by 6.4% this year from last year’s 6.7%.

Better communication from Chinese policymakers has further reduced the threat of an adverse market reaction to moderate currency moves. The authorities appeared to have learned their lesson from the anxiety caused by August 2015’s abrupt policy shift. Since then the fall in the yuan has been better managed. The People’s Bank of China (PBoC) has intervened to prevent rapid slides, reassuring investors of its opposition to a sharp depreciation.

This year the PBoC has expanded the basket of currencies it uses as a reference point for the yuan. The move reminds investors that its policy focus is on a broad index rather than solely against the US dollar, which now accounts for only 22.4% of the basket.

Mark Haefele

Global Chief Investment Officer
Wealth Management

Dominic Schnider

Head Commodities & APAC Forex/Macro

Bottom line

Capital outflows and slowing growth in China should push the yuan lower this year, and CIO expects USDCNY to hit 7.2 over the coming six months. But this gradual move largely reflects an understandable desire for diversification

among Chinese investors and firms rather than a looming economic crisis. While it makes sense for investors holding Chinese assets to hedge yuan exposure, a better understood currency regime is unlikely to disrupt global markets.

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