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Investor optimism dips in July, according to UBS Index

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Decline In Both Personal and Economic Dimensions; Investors Skeptical of Fed Policy on Interest Rates

NEW YORK, July 26, 2004 - Optimism dropped slightly this month, with investors expressing less confidence in the economy and their personal investments, according to the UBS Index of Investor Optimism, a joint effort of UBS and the Gallup Organization.

Currently at 88, the overall Index decreased by 7 points, down from 95 in June. Conducted monthly, the Index had a baseline of 124 when it was established in 1996.

The decrease can be attributed to a 4-point decline in the Index's personal dimension, which measures investors' confidence in their ability to reach investment targets and maintain income. It also is driven by a 3-point decrease in the Index's economic dimension, which measures investors' sentiment on economic growth, unemployment, stock market performance and inflation. Of those surveyed:

  • 58 percent expressed confidence in their ability to achieve investment targets during the next 12 months, down 3 from last month and up 8 from a year ago;

  • 69 percent report they are optimistic that they'll achieve investment targets during the next five years, down 2 from last month and up 2 from a year ago;

  • 66 percent say they are optimistic in their ability to maintain income during the next 12 months, down 1 from last month and up 2 from a year ago;

  • 55 percent say they are confident in the prospects for economic growth in the next 12 months, down 3 from last month and up 5 from a year ago;

  • 49 percent are optimistic on unemployment, up 1 point from last month and up 15 from a year ago;

  • 49 percent report they are optimistic about the stock market's performance, down 5 from last month and down 1 from a year ago;

  • 41 percent remain optimistic about inflation, up 2 from last month and down 1 from a year ago.

Average expectations for return during the next 12 months dropped slightly to 10.4 percent from 10.9 percent in June, and 62 percent of investors surveyed believe now is a good time to invest in the financial markets, down 1 point from last month.

According to the Index, 62 percent consider the economy to be in either a sustained expansion or recovery, compared with 65 percent last month. Conversely, 36 percent believe the economy is either in a slowdown or recession, compared with 34 percent last month. Of those who believe the economy is in a slowdown or recession, 49 percent believe it will be at least two years before the U.S. economy is on the way to recovery, up from 43 percent last month.

This month, investors were polled about the Federal Reserve's current interest rate policy. When asked, 47 percent said they approve of the Fed's policy, while 10 percent oppose and 43 said they have no opinion. In the next three months, 61 percent of investors surveyed believe the Fed will increase rates, down 5 points from last month. Interestingly, 65 percent of investors oppose the proposed increase, saying the Fed should instead hold or cut rates. Eighty-three percent of those who do not want an increase said they are opposed because it would hurt the economy in general; just 15 percent are opposed for solely personal reasons.

Perhaps not surprisingly, 41 percent of investors say they find stocks more attractive now than six months ago, compared with 23 percent who say stocks are less attractive. Similarly, 40 percent believe CDs are less attractive now than six months ago, while 24 percent say they are more attractive.

In contrast, 54 percent of those surveyed report they now view real estate as a more attractive investment than they did six months ago, compared with only 18 percent who find it less attractive; 36 percent cite bonds as less attractive, while with 21 percent find them more attractive; and 25 percent believe investing in gold is less attractive now than six months ago, while 25 percent think it is a more attractive investment.

These findings are part of the 75th Index of Investor Optimism, which was conducted July 1 to July 18. To track and measure Index changes on an ongoing basis, new samplings are taken monthly. Dennis J. Jacobe, research director for Gallup, said the sampling included 802 investors randomly selected from across the country. For this study, the American investor is defined as any person who is head of a household or a spouse in any household with total savings and investments of $10,000 or more. Nearly 40 percent of American households have at least this amount in savings and investments. The sampling error in the results is plus or minus four percentage points.

For more than 60 years, the Gallup Organization has been a recognized leader in the measurement and analysis of people's attitudes, opinions and behavior. While best known for the Gallup Poll, founded in 1935, Gallup's current activities consist largely of providing marketing and management research, advisory services and education to the world's largest corporations and institutions.

UBS is one of the world's financial services firms. In the United States, it is the third largest private client business with a client base of more than 2 million investors. Its American network of financial advisors manages roughly 634 billion Swiss francs in invested assets and provides sophisticated services through consultative relationships with affluent and high net worth clients. In Switzerland and internationally, UBS has more than 140 years of private banking experience, an extensive global network of 164 offices and nearly 701 billion Swiss francs in invested assets. More than 3,200 client advisors provide a comprehensive range of services customized for wealthy individuals, ranging from asset management to estate planning and from corporate finance to art banking.

Additional information about the Index of Investor Optimism can be found at

UBS Index of Investor Optimism overall trend


04 July 88
04 June 95
04 May 71
04 April 73
04 March 85
04 February 97
04 January 108
03 December 104
03 November 93
03 October 69
03 September 54
03 August 61
03 July 54
03 June 77
03 May 42
03 April 66
03 March 5
03 February 9
03 January 38
02 December 52
02 November 41
02 October 29
02 September 60
02 August 52
02 July 46
02 June 72
02 May 90
02 April 89
02 March 121
02 February 92
02 January 115
01 December 88
01 November 84
01 October 86
01 September 50
01 August 76
01 July 74
01 June 85
01 May 90
01 April 81
01 March 82
01 February 77
01 January 96
00 December 106
00 November 130
00 October 132
00 September 147
00 August 160
00 July 143
00 June 149
00 May 155
00 April 140
00 March 150
00 February 168
00 January 178
99 December 174
99 November 148
99 October 139
99 September 160
99 August 149
99 July 166
99 June 146
99 May 163
99 April 168
99 March 151
99 February 167
98 December 141
98 September 147
98 June 160
98 March 161
97 December 151
97 September 151
97 June 152
97 February 128
96 November 125
96 October 124