UBS reports second quarter loss of CHF 358 million
Repositioning of the Bank
UBS reports a Group net loss attributable to shareholders of CHF 358 million for second quarter 2008.
The second quarter 2008 remained difficult for several reasons:
BoD nominations and GEB appointments
The positive sentiment seen at the end of first quarter 2008 that the credit crisis may be easing was short-lived, as trading conditions deteriorated significantly in the second half of May, in particular for assets related to US residential real estate as well as other structured credit positions. This development led to second quarter losses and writedowns of around USD 5.1 billion on related positions (for further details, please see Note 3 to the unaudited financial statements in UBS's Second Quarter 2008 financial report and the discussion of revenues for the fixed income, currencies and commodities (FICC) area of the Investment Bank on page 7-8 of this media release).
This quarter was also characterized by generally lower client activity, in particular lower capital markets and mergers and acquisitions activity, and falling securities prices.
For the wealth and asset management businesses and Business Banking Switzerland, profit levels remained high in absolute terms despite a reduction in comparison with the prior quarter, excluding the impact of the provision for auction rate securities in Wealth Management US. Invested assets rose slightly as currency movements offset net new money outflows of CHF 43.8 billion across the Group.
In the Investment Bank, revenues generated by the advisory and capital markets business fell considerably in comparison with second quarter 2007, in the context of a significant contraction in global deal volume. However, equity capital markets revenues were up significantly from first quarter 2008.
Across the firm, total operating expenses were CHF 8,110 million, down by 18% compared to second quarter 2007. This decline was driven by lower accruals on performance-related compensation and the reversal of certain accruals recognized in first quarter 2008. General and administrative expenses increased by 25% to CHF 2,831 million, as lower expenses in most categories were offset by provisions of USD 900 million (CHF 919 million) in relation to the recent actions taken by UBS in the US auction rate securities markets. The number of people employed at UBS was 81,452 on 30 June 2008, down by 2,387 compared with the end of first quarter 2008, with 1,695 of the reduction in the Investment Bank.
UBS recognized a net income tax benefit of CHF 3,829 million for second quarter 2008, which includes a net impact of CHF 3,200 million from the recognition of a deferred tax asset on available tax losses.
Risk inventory reduced
UBS took decisive action to materially reduce its exposures to significant risk concentrations, specifically through sustained and ongoing sales during the quarter, the largest of which was the sale of US residential mortgage-backed securities to a fund managed by BlackRock.
UBS will continue to manage its remaining exposure to the US real estate market through a separate work-out portfolio unit within the FICC area of the Investment Bank. In view of the significant reductions in risk exposures in second quarter 2008, however, UBS may determine not to place a subset of this portfolio into a new, wholly-owned entity, as originally envisaged.
Auction rate securities
On 15 July 2008, UBS announced that it is developing a trust structure that would, if completed, have the ability to purchase approximately USD 3.5 billion in tax-exempt auction preferred stock, a type of auction rate securities (ARS), at par from clients. The trust would issue securities supported by a liquidity put or similar demand feature provided by UBS or another highly rated bank, and would be consolidated in UBS's financial statements. The transaction is subject to regulatory approval and other conditions.
On 8 August 2008, UBS announced a comprehensive settlement with the SEC and certain US state regulatory authorities, in principle, for all clients holding auction rate securities and booked a provision of USD 900 million (CHF 919 million).
Capital base and balance sheet reinforced
On 30 June 2008, UBS's BIS tier 1 capital ratio stood at 11.6% and its BIS total capital ratio was 15.7%, up from 6.9% and 10.7% respectively on 31 March 2008. This improvement is the result of actions taken in second quarter 2008 as part of UBS's capital improvement program.
The balance sheet totaled CHF 2,078 billion at 30 June 2008, compared with CHF 2,231 billion at 31 March 2008, a decline of 7%. Risk-weighted assets were reduced by CHF 10 billion, or 3.0%, during second quarter 2008 to CHF 323 billion as at 30 June 2008.
On 17 June 2008, a capital increase was completed by means of a rights offering through the issue of 760,295,181 fully paid-up registered shares. Subscription rights for 755,466,901 new shares were exercised in the offering, representing 99.4% of all new shares offered. 4,828,280 new shares for which subscription rights were not validly exercised have been sold by UBS Investment Bank in open market transactions. This capital increase generated net proceeds of CHF 15.6 billion.
UBS also issued EUR 1 billion of perpetual preferred securities in second quarter 2008, which qualified as tier 1 capital.
Across the firm, total operating expenses were CHF 8,110 million, down 18% compared to second quarter 2007. This decline was driven by lower accruals on performance-related compensation and the reversal of accruals recognized in first quarter 2008.
General and administrative expenses increased by 25% to CHF 2,831 million, as lower expenses in most categories were offset by the provision of USD 900 million (CHF 919 million) in respect of ARS.
The number of people employed at UBS was 81,452 on 30 June 2008, down by 2,387 compared with the end of first quarter 2008, with a reduction of 1,695 in the Investment Bank.
In the second half of the year, UBS does not expect any improvement in current adverse economic and financial market trends. UBS will continue its program to reduce personnel levels, costs and risk concentrations.
Performance against targets
UBS focuses on four key performance indicators: return on equity (RoE), diluted earnings per share (EPS), cost / income ratio and net new money. These are designed to monitor the continuous delivery of adequate returns to shareholders and are calculated using results from continuing operations.
UBS's annualized RoE was negative 85.7% in first half 2008 compared with positive 31.8% in first half 2007, following substantial negative impact from Investment Bank losses on exposures related to the US residential mortgage market and other credit positions.
Diluted EPS were negative CHF 0.17 in second quarter 2008. Results were impacted by the same factors as RoE and the number of shares outstanding increased following the rights issue completed in June 2008 and the stock dividend. The second quarter 2008 diluted EPS calculation assumes the issuance of the shares issuable upon conversion of the mandatory convertible notes. In comparison, diluted EPS were CHF 2.36 in second quarter 2007.
The cost / income ratio was 200.7% in second quarter 2008.
Second quarter 2008 saw net new money outflows of CHF 43.8 billion, compared with inflows of CHF 34.0 billion in second quarter 2007. This occurred in the context of continuing credit market turbulence and its impact on the firm's operating performance and reputation. At the end of second quarter 2008, total invested assets stood at CHF 2,763 billion, of which CHF 2,006 billion were attributable to Global Wealth Management & Business Banking and CHF 757 billion were attributable to Global Asset Management.
Global Wealth Management & Business Banking saw total net new money outflows of CHF 19.3 billion. Wealth Management International & Switzerland recorded net outflows of CHF 9.3 billion, Wealth Management US recorded net outflows of CHF 8.0 billion and Business Banking Switzerland recorded net outflows of CHF 2.0 billion. Outflows of net new money for Global Wealth Management & Business Banking were most pronounced in April.
Global Asset Management saw total net new money outflows of CHF 24.5 billion, with underperformance in certain investment capabilities in prior quarters also contributing to outflows. Institutional clients recorded net outflows of CHF 8.4 billion, with outflows in multi-asset, fixed income and equities mandates partly offset by inflows into alternative and quantitative investments and real estate. Wholesale intermediary recorded net outflows of CHF 16.1 billion, with outflows in multi-asset, fixed income, equities and real estate funds partly offset by inflows into alternative and quantitative investments.
Report on remediation of causes of sub-prime losses
Today, UBS published a summary of the remediation plan submitted to the Swiss Federal Banking Commission (SFBC). The plan details the actions UBS is taking to address the findings of its earlier report to the SFBC (summary published on 21 April 2008) on the causes of the sub-prime losses incurred in 2007. Some of the measures are already well under way. The plan details their owners and commits UBS to specific deadlines.
Global Wealth Management & Business Banking: 2Q08 vs 1Q08
The pre-tax profit for Global Wealth Management & Business Banking was CHF 1,123 million in second quarter 2008, a decrease of 48% from the previous quarter.
Wealth Management International & Switzerland's pre-tax profit decreased by 11% to CHF 1,266 million. Total operating income fell by 6% to CHF 2,859 million. The lower average asset base caused recurring income to fall by CHF 137 million to CHF 2,161 million. Additionally, lower client activity prompted non-recurring income to fall by CHF 59 million to CHF 699 million. Operating expenses declined by 2% to CHF 1,593 million. This decline was primarily the result of personnel expenses decreasing by 5%, to CHF 898 million, reflecting lower accruals for performance-related compensation.
Wealth Management US recorded a pre-tax loss of CHF 741 million, compared with a pre-tax profit of CHF 183 million in the previous quarter. This is due to a provision made for the repurchase of auction rate securities and related costs of USD 900 million (CHF 919 million). Without these provisions, the pre-tax result would have declined slightly in a challenging market environment. Total operating income decreased by 3% to CHF 1,477 million from CHF 1,527 million. The decline reflects a 5% decrease in non-recurring income, as lower transaction activity led to lower commissions, and a 2% decrease in recurring income. Total operating expenses increased by 65% to CHF 2,218 million from CHF 1,344 million, driven by the provision related to auction rate securities. Excluding these costs, operating expenses would have declined 3% from the prior quarter, reflecting lower personnel and non-personnel costs. Personnel expenses decreased by 4% to CHF 1,010 million, due primarily to lower financial advisor compensation consistent with the decrease in revenues. Non-personnel expenses were CHF 1,208 million, compared to CHF 293 million in the previous quarter, reflecting the above mentioned provision.
Business Banking Switzerland's pre-tax profit increased by 11% to CHF 598 million, largely due to a decrease in operating expenses. Total operating income decreased by 3%, as both interest and non-interest income declined. Total operating expenses were cut by 13% to a low CHF 631 million. The largest decline was seen in personnel expenses, which fell by 8% to CHF 592 million.
Global Asset Management: 2Q08 vs 1Q08
Global Asset Management's pre-tax profit was CHF 352 million in second quarter 2008, up by 7% from first quarter 2008. This reflects both higher performance fees, particularly in alternative and quantitative investments, and lower personnel expenses mainly due to changes to the forfeiture provisions of future equity ownership plan awards.
Total operating income rose by 2% to CHF 808 million. Institutional revenues rose to CHF 472 million from CHF 427 million. Higher performance fees, from alternative and quantitative investments, and lower operational loss provisions were partly offset by lower management fees from lower invested assets. Wholesale intermediary revenues declined to CHF 336 million from CHF 364 million. Management fees in second quarter were affected by the lower average invested asset base.
Total operating expenses were CHF 456 million, down from CHF 461 million. Personnel expenses declined to CHF 291 million from CHF 303 million, mainly reflecting the reversal of accruals recognized in first quarter 2008.
Investment Bank: 2Q08 vs 2Q07
Pre-tax results were negative CHF 5,233 million in second quarter 2008, compared with a profit of CHF 1,659 million in second quarter 2007. Total operating income declined to negative CHF 2,302 million from positive CHF 6,224 million.
Investment banking revenues declined by 52% to CHF 1,008 million from a record CHF 2,079 million in second quarter 2007, with all contributing revenue streams negatively impacted by turbulent capital markets during second quarter 2008. Advisory revenues decreased by 37%, to CHF 437 million, in line with industry-wide declines in deal volumes as a result of the deteriorated credit environment. Capital markets revenues fell by 49%, impacted by reduced market volumes across all geographical regions as debt and equity markets remained volatile. Equity capital markets revenues decreased by 50% and revenues from fixed income, currencies and commodities (FICC) capital markets were down by 48%. Other fee income and risk management revenue fell to negative CHF 179 million from negative CHF 90 million.
Sales and trading revenues declined to negative CHF 3,178 million from positive CHF 4,142 million, driven by negative revenues of CHF 4,720 million in FICC that were only partly offset by a positive revenue contribution of CHF 1,542 million from equities.
The equities business saw a 42% decline in revenues to CHF 1,542 million from CHF 2,673 million, with second quarter 2008 dominated by difficult trading conditions, concerns over interest rates and inflation and continued market volatility.
Cash equities continued to perform strongly, with revenues up from second quarter 2007. Derivatives and equity-linked revenues declined in response to a global deterioration in market conditions. Prime brokerage saw increased revenues from client financing and securities lending and posted a strong result for second quarter 2008. Exchange-traded derivatives revenues were flat as interest on larger client balances was offset by a fall in commissions due to lower volumes. Proprietary trading revenues increased from the same period last year.
Fixed income, currencies and commodities revenues fell to negative CHF 4,720 million from positive CHF 1,469 million in second quarter 2007. The most substantial impact came from additional credit valuation adjustments on protection bought from monoline insurers. Most of the other losses relate to exposures to the US residential real estate market (sub-prime, Alt-A) and the US reference-linked note program.
These losses and writedowns described above were only partially offset by strong results in other areas. Rates revenues increased as high volatility and market dislocations provided profitable trading opportunities in both customer and proprietary trading segments. Structured products reported an increase as structured credit revenues almost doubled compared with second quarter 2007 and structured rates benefited from its expanded product range. Credit revenues were impacted by positions in proprietary strategies and adverse market conditions.
Total operating expenses declined by 36%, falling to CHF 2,931 million from CHF 4,565 million.
A 56% decline in personnel expenses, to CHF 1,494 million, reflects lower accruals for performance-related compensation and the reversal of certain accruals recognized in first quarter 2008. Salary costs also declined as personnel were reduced by 2,662 full-time equivalents.
General and administrative expense decreased by 17% to CHF 784 million, with the most notable reductions in travel and entertainment, and IT and outsourcing. Second quarter 2008 includes an impairment of goodwill of CHF 341 million due to the exiting of the US municipal securities business by the Investment Bank.