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Investor optimism drops sharply to a five-month low

New York | | Media Releases Americas

UBS/Gallup Index of Investor Optimism at 63, Down 16 Points From March More Than Six in Ten Investors Overpaid Taxes Last Year, Expect Refund Investors Overwhelmingly Find Inheritance Tax Unfair

Investor optimism tumbled 16 points this past month and is now at a five-month low, at 63. This year began with a reading of 93 in January, dropping 13 points in February, and remaining steady the next month. The Index had a baseline score of 124 when it was launched in October 1996.

In three key measures, investors showed declining optimism about the U.S. investment climate over the next 12 months:

• Growth: Only 45 percent of investors are optimistic about economic growth, compared with 50 percent in March.
• Stock Market: Confidence in the performance of the stock market also dipped. Last month, more than half of respondents were optimistic about the stock market's performance, but in April that figure has dipped below 50 percent.
• Inflation: Investors also see inflation as increasingly troublesome. In March, only 37 percent of those polled were pessimistic about the impact of inflation on the investment climate; this month that number has risen to 42 percent.

"The recent rise in inflation, driven primarily by the price of oil, has significantly impacted investors' outlook the broader economy and the U.S. investment climate," said Anne Briglia, Director, UBS Wealth Management Research.

Last week was the deadline for filing income taxes, and this month's poll shows that investors are generally positive about several types of taxes they pay. A majority, 54 percent, say the federal income tax is fair, and even larger numbers say both state sales and state income taxes are fair - 67 percent and 62 percent, respectively.

Twenty percent of respondents said that they had to pay the alternative minimum tax. Attitudes about the fairness of this tax correspond to whether respondents had to pay it. Among those who did, 42 percent believe the AMT is an unfair tax, while 31 percent believe it is fair. Those not affected by the AMT are evenly split about the fairness of that tax.

The inheritance tax is the area of taxation most widely believed to be unfair. A clear majority, 58 percent, finds the inheritance tax unfair, compared to just 31 percent who believe it is a fair tax.

Most investors expect to receive money back from the government. Sixty-three percent of all investors say they overpaid taxes last year and anticipate a refund, with 61 percent of these investors expecting a minimum refund of $500. About one in five investors expects a refund of at least $3,000.

Just 31 percent of investors receiving refunds say they will be able to save or invest the money, down from 39 percent who did so last year. Thirty-eight percent say they will use the money to pay off their routine bills, up from 32 percent who used their refunds that way last year.

When asked how they prepared their tax returns, a solid majority, 62 percent, say they used a professional tax preparer, while another 18 percent used a software program. Only 12 percent did it the old fashioned way: filling out the tax form manually. Just under half of all investors, 47 percent, filed their returns electronically this year.

These findings are part of the 97th Index of Investor Optimism, which was conducted April 1-16, 2006. To track and measure Index changes on an ongoing basis, new samplings are taken monthly. Dennis J. Jacobe, research director for Gallup, said the sampling included 802 investors randomly selected from across the country. For this study, the American investor is defined as any person who is head of a household or a spouse in any household with total savings and investments of $10,000 or more. Nearly 40 percent of American households have at least this amount in savings and investments. The sampling error in the results is plus or minus four percentage points.

For more than 60 years, the Gallup Organization has been a recognized leader in the measurement and analysis of people's attitudes, opinions and behavior. While best known for the Gallup Poll, founded in 1935, Gallup's current activities consist largely of providing marketing and management research, advisory services and education to the world's largest corporations and institutions. newLine/>
UBS is the world's largest wealth manager, a top tier investment banking and securities firm, and one of the largest global asset managers. In Switzerland, UBS is the market leader in retail and commercial banking.

UBS is present in all major financial centers worldwide. It has offices in 50 countries, with about 39% of its employees working in the Americas, 37% in Switzerland, 16% in the rest of Europe and 8% in Asia Pacific. UBS's financial businesses employ more than 69,500 people around the world. Its shares are listed on the SWX Swiss Stock Exchange, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE).

month

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

December

79

79

104

52

88

106

174

141

151

November

50

69

93

41

84

130

148

125

October

47

62

69

29

86

132

139

124

September

34

74

54

60

50

147

160

147

151

August

61

77

61

52

76

160

149

July

58

88

54

46

74

143

166

June

54

95

77

72

85

149

146

160

152

May

50

71

42

90

90

155

163

April

63

52

73

66

89

81

140

168

March

79

74

85

5

121

82

150

151

161

February

80

82

97

9

92

77

168

167

158

January

93

76

108

38

115

96

178


New York, April 24, 2006
UBS