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Investors say higher energy prices causing them financial hardship

| Media Releases Americas

Investor Optimism Lowest Since May 2003, According to UBS/Gallup Index

New York, May 23, 2005 - Investor optimism dropped slightly this month to the lowest point in two years. In May of 2003 the index was at 42. Currently at 50, the May 2005 UBS/Gallup Index of Investor Optimism has steadied somewhat since a thirty point drop in March and April of this year. This month, investors were questioned about the conditions affecting the investment climate in the United States. The survey finds that 72 percent of investors believe the price of energy, including gas and oil, is hurting the investment climate "a lot." That percentage is up sharply from 56 percent who expressed that view in February.

Close to half of all investors, 47 percent, say the higher gas prices this year have caused them a financial hardship, up from 39 percent who expressed that view in March. A large majority of investors, 72 percent, still believe the higher prices are permanent rather than a temporary fluctuation. In May 2004, only 56 percent of investors believed higher prices at that time were permanent.

When asked to predict the price of gas six months from now, investors gave an average figure of $2.32, up from the $2.18 they report as the average price they pay right now. That represents a projected 6.4 percent increase in the price of gas in the next half year.

"The rising price of energy is acting as a drag on investor optimism," said Anne Briglia, a Senior Strategist with UBS Wealth Management Investment Strategy and Research Team.

An unusual characteristic of the Index these past two months is the disappearance of differences between the average and substantial investors. Typically, substantial investors - with assets of more than $100,000 - are more optimistic than average investors, with assets of $10,000 to $100,000. In February, when the Index was at 82, substantial investors had an Index score of 111, compared with 65 for average investors. But for the past two months, the Index scores of the two groups have been very similar. This month, the Index for substantial investors is 51; for average investors, it is 49, suggesting that economic conditions such as energy prices are affecting people across the board.

This past February, the Index of Investor Optimism reached a seven-month high of 82, before beginning its current decline. Conducted monthly, the Index had an initial baseline of 124 when it was established in 1996.

Investor expectations of return on their portfolio continue on a gradual slide. Since January, when expectations were at 11.4 percent, investors have become somewhat more pessimistic, with expectations now more than two points lower at 9.1 percent.

Similarly, there has been a gradual decline in the percent of investors who think now is a good time to invest in the financial markets. The current survey finds 56 percent of investors with that view, only a point lower than last month, but eight points lower than the 64 percent measured last December.

Outsourcing of jobs to foreign countries remains a drag on the investment climate, according to 61 percent of investors. Other factors hurting "a lot" are the federal budget deficit (mentioned by 52 percent of investors), the issue of questionable accounting practices in business (46 percent), illegal immigration (44 percent), and the situation in Iraq (43 percent).

These findings are part of the 84th Index of Investor Optimism, which was conducted May 1 to May 15. To track and measure Index changes on an ongoing basis, new samplings are taken monthly. Dennis J. Jacobe, research director for Gallup, said the sampling included 802 investors randomly selected from across the country. For this study, the American investor is defined as any person who is head of a household or a spouse in any household with total savings and investments of $10,000 or more. Nearly 40 percent of American households have at least this amount in savings and investments. The sampling error in the results is plus or minus four percentage points.

For more than 60 years, the Gallup Organization has been a recognized leader in the measurement and analysis of people's attitudes, opinions and behavior. While best known for the Gallup Poll, founded in 1935, Gallup's current activities consist largely of providing marketing and management research, advisory services and education to the world's largest corporations and institutions.

UBS is a leading financial firm, combining financial strength with a reputation for innovation and a global culture that embraces change.

UBS is one of the world's largest wealth managers, a premier investment banking and securities firm, and one of the largest global asset managers. In Switzerland, UBS is a market leader in retail and commercial banking.

Headquartered in Zurich and Basel, UBS employs around 66,000 people, and has operations in over 50 countries and in all major financial centers.

Additional information about the Index of Investor Optimism can be found at

month

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

December

79

104

52

88

106

174

141

151

November

69

93

41

84

130

148

125

October

62

69

29

86

132

139

124

September

74

54

60

50

147

160

147

151

August

77

61

52

76

160

149

July

88

54

46

74

143

166

June

95

77

72

85

149

146

160

152

May

50

71

42

90

90

155

163

April

52

73

66

89

81

140

168

March

74

85

5

121

82

150

151

161

February

82

97

9

92

77

168

167

158

January

76

108

38

115

96

178